The Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) is a buildup of fluid in the lungs as a result of nonspecific inflammation of the lung tissue. This fluid prevents oxygen from reaching the bloodstream, resulting in organs and tissues to become deprived of oxygen. ARDS is commonly seen in people with critical illness or severe injuries. It is a condition associated with high death rate (20-50%) and a long-term hospital stay. Currently there is no well-documented treatment for ARDS.