Holiday weight gain–what can we do?

Anne Berit Johnsen. Photo: Lasse Berre.

I have sat down at the desk to write blog and trying to enjoy a little extra with a cup of coffee and I have pre started on my favorite Christmas chocolate. In a very few days Christmas is coming up and it is time to celebrate with all our favorite Christmas food and plenty of it!!!! I guess I am not the only one that is planning to go back to my normal healthier diet in January, but right now it is all about Christmas and food temptations. Still it has crossed my mind that I might struggle a bit with the extra pounds gained over Christmas.

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Månedsbrev Generasjon100 Desember 2016

Månedens deltaker:

Navn: Maiken Minsaas (til venstre)livog-maiken-redusert

Alder: 76

Gruppe: Høyintensitet

Interesser: Turgåing, bær og sopp-plukking. Også ski.

Jobbet med tidligere: Jeg har vært daglig leder på parfymeri. Continue reading

Can better fitness help to survive cancer?

Anne Marie Ormbostad BerreCancer is globally increasing and is one of the major threats to healthy aging.  To date we have no indications that this will change for decades. While the relationship between physical fitness and cardiovascular diseases is well documented, the relationship between cancer and cardiorespiratory fitness is less studied.

Physical activity has been shown to  benefit the cancer patients in many ways, such as improved quality of life, reduced fatigue and better cardiorespiratory fitness. In addition, it is well established that being physically active reduces the risk of developing several cancer types.  In fact, as much as one-fifth to one-third of several common cancer types, including breast- and colon cancer, are associated with low levels of physical activity together with obesity. However, the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and cancer survival is less well documented.

Four women running by river

Researchers from Denmark recently published a large long time follow up study where they investigated the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and death from cancer. The study included 5131 cancer free men and tested their cardiorespiratory fitness. The men were followed up for 42 years and during the follow up period 1527 (29.8%) of them died from cancer. Interestingly, the researchers found a highly significant association between cardiorespiratory fitness and death from cancer. For every 10 mL/kg/min increase of estimated cardiorespiratory fitness (measured as maximum oxygen uptake)  risk of death decreased by 17-24%. It must be mentioned that cardiorespiratory fitness was not associated with death from prostate cancer but associated with other groups of cancer.

Based on this study, it is clear that cardiorespiratory fitness should be considered in order to reduce the risk of dying from cancer. Recently a Scientific Statement on Cardiorespiratory Fitness released by the American Heart Association identified cardiorespiratory fitness  as a vital sign, which should be used in clinical practice.

Perhaps the clear association they found in this study between cardiorespiratory fitness and cancer survival can also encourage and inspire us to change our lifestyle.

Anne Marie Ormbostad Berre, PhD student at CERG

 

Trine Karlsen blir ny dekan ved Nord Universitet

Forsker ved CERG Trine KarlsenForsker ved CERG og K.G. Jebsen – Senter for hjertetrening Trine Karlsen har takket ja til å bli dekan for Fakultet for sykepleie og helsevitenskap ved Nord Universitet. Hun starter i sin nye jobb i februar 2017.

Trine har de siste årene arbeidet aktivt som forsker innen trening og hjertehelse, og har ledet gruppe for kliniske forskning ved CERG. Hun var leder for CERG i perioden 2014-2015, og representerte Instituttgruppe for trening i Instituttrådet ved Institutt for sirkulasjon og bildediagnostikk (ISB). I tillegg har hun undervist og vært emneansvarlig ved Master i idrettsfysiologi ved ISB.

Samtidig som vi mister en dyktig kollega vi gjerne skulle beholdt så er det samtidig en bekreftelse på at vi er med på å utdanne fremtidens forskningsledere. Vi ser frem til å følge henne på veien i hennes nye karriere. Vi forventer at det gjennom hennes nåværende og fremtidige nettverk kan knyttes enda bedre samarbeidsrelasjoner mellom NTNU og Nord Universitet.

Vi er meget stolte på Trine sine vegne og ønsker henne all mulig lykke til i sin nye lederjobb.

Ulrik Wisløff, leder av CERG

 

 

Stronger muscles – stronger brain?

ekaterina-zotcheva-ber2596Accumulating scientific evidence indicates that aerobic exercise is beneficial for cognitive functioning and brain plasticity. However, the possible benefits of resistance exercise (i.e. strength exercise, weight lifting) for brain health and functioning hasn’t received as much attention. Is it time we exchange our dumbbells for running shoes? Can stronger muscles provide you with a stronger brain?

According to recent studies, all your squatting and bench-pressing hasn’t been in vain. A randomized controlled study of 155 older women found that resistance exercise once or twice a week for one year promoted executive functions, which are cognitive processes such as attention, working memory, and problem solving. In addition, the women who exercised twice a week demonstrated better memory performance, and less cortical white matter atrophy, which is a loss of brain cells and connections between them. Another study examining effects of resistance exercise in older individuals found that resistance exercise twice a week for a year positively affected cognitive task performance and brain plasticity, which are essential for healthy aging. Even older individuals with mild cognitive impairment could significantly improve their cognitive functioning with resistance exercise and increased muscle strength, a recent study found.

However, you may not have to sweat through months of workouts before experiencing the benefits of resistance exercise. A study showed that just a single bout of resistance training can enhance episodic memory already 48 hours after your first exercise.

In other words, continue doing your push-ups and deadlifts because research shows that stronger muscles may also help you achieve a stronger brain.

Ekatarina Zotcheva, PhD student at CERG

Sterkere muskler – sterkere hjerne?

ekaterina-zotcheva-ber2596

Stadig mer forskning tyder på at kondisjonstrening har fordeler for kognitiv funksjon og hjerneplastisitet. Effektene av styrketrening på hjernehelse- og funksjon har derimot fått mindre oppmerksomhet. Er det på tide å bytte ut vektmanualene med joggesko? Kan sterkere muskler gi deg en sterkere hjerne?

Ifølge nyere studier har ikke dine knebøy og benkpress vært forgjeves. En randomisert kontrollert studie utført på 155 eldre kvinner viste at styrketrening én eller to ganger i uken i løpet av ett år fremmet eksekutive funksjoner, som er kognitive prosesser slik som oppmerksomhet, arbeidshukommelse, og problemløsning. I tillegg fant studien at kvinnene som trente styrketrening to ganger i uken presterte bedre på hukommelsestester, og hadde mindre atrofi i kortikal hvit substans, som er tap av hjerneceller og koblingene mellom de. En annen studie som så på effektene av styrketrening hos eldre individer fant at styrketrening to ganger i uken i ett år hadde positiv effekt på prestasjon på en kognitiv test, samt på hjerneplastisitet, som er viktig for sunn aldring. Selv eldre individer med mild kognitiv svikt kan få betydelig forbedret kognitiv funksjon ved hjelp av styrketrening og økning i muskelstyrke, ifølge en nylig publisert studie.

Du trenger ikke nødvendigvis svette deg gjennom månedsvis med treningsøkter før du får oppleve fordelene med styrketrening. En studie viste at kun én økt med styrketrening kan forbedre episodisk hukommelse bare 48 timer etter første treningsøkt.

Med andre ord kan du trygt fortsette med armhevinger og markløft da forskning viser at sterkere muskler kan også bidra til å gi deg en sterkere hjerne.

Ekatarina Zotcheva, Stipendiat ved CERG

Pokémon Go a no go?

Line Skarsem ReitloIn August a friend of mine told me he had started playing Pokémon Go. Pokémon Go is a smartphone game in which players search real world locations in order to “catch” imaginary cartoon characters appearing on their screen. Thanks to the game my friend was slowly but steadily increasing his physical activity level day by day. He was so eager to catch as many Pokémons as possible so he was actually jogging, not just walking, to the different Pokémon locations. Pokémon Go has been downloaded more than 500 million times since its launch in July and has been a source of motivation for physical activity for both children and adults.

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